This work was initiated in order to show the potential for Swedish sawmills to achieve higher productivity by implementation of improved process control tools in breakdown and production flows. Accessible and reliable production data are crucial information concerning the area of process control; hence the objective in this study was to create a “toolbox” of suitable tools for decision support, surveys and analyses.
Modern sawmills are becoming increasingly like process industries. Process control and optimization tools in sawmills have, however, not followed the rapid development of automation and increased production speed. Each machine, monitoring system or data system is commonly viewed as a detached system rather than as part of the same process. This fact makes it difficult to access process data and monitor the performance of a sawmill and, further, to address problems at the sawmill. Hence there is an identified need to introduce and use effective methods of collecting and connecting information, analysis and evaluation, as well as methods for rapid linking of results and measures that have been decided on back to the production line.
Reliable and relevant information is also vital to creating a measure of confidence that changes are indeed implemented based on facts, not merely on assumptions or prior experiences. Thus, reliable systems for collecting process data and benchmarking methods such as Overall Equipment Effectiveness must be implemented. A mobile diagnostic monitoring and analysis tool developed during the study enables detailed and simplified registration of downtime and error causes in the sawmill. An increased and optimized usage of a suitable “tool package” including benchmarking methods, simulation software and process monitoring and analysis tools creates a solid base for implementation of process control and for increased productivity.
An effective and profitable sawmill must utilize its raw material and the skill of its staff effectively. Sawmill production could usefully adopt appropriate areas of process thinking and optimizing methods from the mechanical process industry.
Results achieved during surveys and simulations reveal a large potential to improve equipment availability and effectiveness on the sawline. Breakdown simulations show a potential to improve volume yield by improving sorting capability and, furthermore, by handling logs as single individuals during the breakdown procedure rather than as parts in a batch. Optimal volume yield can be achieved from every log by applying optimal sawing pattern, log rotation and offsets in first and second saw.
TräGuiden tillhandahåller information om trä och träbyggande. Webbsidan drivs av Svenskt Trä, en del av Skogsindustrierna, och utgör med sina nära en miljon besökare per år ett viktigt informationsnav för byggande i Sverige.
TräGuiden beskriver tekniska lösningar för träbyggande samt innehåller information om trämaterialets egenskaper. TräGuidens innehåll av illustrationer och konstruktionslösningar kan fritt skrivas ut eller delas med andra.
Det finns också nedladdningsbara ritningar i CAD-format på TräGuiden.
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